1. Loosed from any limitation
or condition; uncontrolled; unrestricted; unconditional; as, absolute
authority, monarchy, sovereignty, an absolute
promise or command; absolute
strength; an absolute
2. Complete in itself; perfect; consummate; faultless; as, absolute
beauty. "So absolute she
seems, And in herself
3. Viewed separately from modifying influences or without
collation with another objects; actual; real; opposed to relative
and comparative; as, absolute
motion; absolute time
Absolute rights and duties are such as pertain
in a state of character
as contradistinguished from relative
rights and duties, or such as pertain
in his social
4. Loosed from, or unconnected by, dependency
on any another being; self-existent; self-sufficing.
In this sense
God is called the Absolute by the Theist. The term
applied by the Pantheist to the universe, or the total
of all subsistence, as only capable of relations in its parts to every
another and to the intact, and as dependent
for its subsistence and its phenomena on its mutually depending forces and their laws.
5. Capable of being
thought or conceived by itself alone; unconditioned; non-relative.
It is in dispute among philosopher
whether the term, in this
sense, is not applied to a mere logical fiction
or abstraction, or whether the absolute, as thus
defined, can be known, as a reality, by the human
intellect. "To Cusa we can really articulately trace, word
and thing, the last philosophy
of the absolute." (Sir W. Hamilton)
6. Positive; clear; determined; not doubtful. "I am absolute
't was very Cloten." (Shak)
7. Authoritative; peremptory. "The peddler stopped, and tapped her on the head, With absolute
and ringed." (Mrs. Browning)
8. Pure; unmixed; as, absolute alcohol.
9. Not immediately dependent on the another parts of the offer in government; as, the case absolute. See Ablative absolute, under Ablative.
Absolute curvature, the sum of the optic and eccentric equations.
Absolute space, space considered without relation to material limits or objects. Absolute terms.
The be ginning, or nought point, in the scale of absolute temperature. It is equivalent to -273 deg centigrade or -459.4 deg Fahrenheit.
Synonym: Positive, peremptory, determined, unconditional, unlimited, unrestricted, unqualified, arbitrary, despotic, autocratic.
Origin: L. Absolutus, p. P. Of absolvere: cf. F. Absolu. See Absolve.
In a plane, the two imaginary circular points at infinity; in space of three dimensions, the imaginary circle at infinity.
Source: Websters Vocabulary