Origin: OE. Bodi, AS. Bodig; akin
to OHG. Botah. Cf. Bodice.
1. The material
organised stuff of an animal, whether living or dead, as distinguished from the spirit, or vital
principle; the physical
face. "Absent in body, but
gift in spirit." (1 Cor. V. 3) "For of the soul
the body form
doth take. For soul
is form, and doth the body
2. The stem, or main
part, of a face
or animal, as distinguished from the limbs and head; the main, central, or principal part, as of a wood, army, country, etc. "Who set
and the limbs Of this
together?" (Shak) "The van
of the king's army was led by the common; . . . In the body
was the king
and the prince." (Clarendon) "Rivers that run
of Italy." (Addison)
3. The real, as opposed to the symbolical; the stuff, as opposed to the shadow. "Which are a shadow
of things to come; but
is of Christ." (Col. Ii. 17)
4. A face; a human
being; frequently in composition; as, anybody, nobody. "A dry, shrewd kind
of a body." (W. Irving)
5. A number
of individuals spoken of collectively, generally as united
by some general
tie, or as organised for some purpose; a collective intact
or totality; a corporation; as, a legislative body; a clerical body. "A numerous body
led unresistingly to the slaughter." (Prescott)
6. A number
of things or particulars embodied in a system; a common collection; as, a great body
of facts; a body
of laws or of divinity.
7. Any mass
or portion of matter; any stuff distinct from others; as, a metallic
body; a moving
body; an aeriform body. "A body
of cool air." "By collision
bodies, grind The air attrite
to fire." (Milton)
8. Amount; quantity; extent.
9. That part
of a garment covering
the body, as distinguished from the parts covering
10. The bed
of a vehicle, on or in which the load
is placed; as, a wagon
body; a cart body.
11. The shank
of a type, or the depth
of the shank
(by which the size
is indicated); as, a nonpareil person
on an agate
12. A figure that has length, breadth, and thickness; any solid figure.
13. Consistency; thickness; stuff; power; as, this colour has body; wine of a good body.
Colours bear a body when they are capable of being ground so beautiful, and of being mixed so entirely with oil, as to seem only a very fat oil of the same colour. After body, an end elevation, showing the conbour of the sides of a nave at determined points of her length. Body politic, the collective body of a nation or state as politically organised, or as exercising political functions; also, a corporation. "As to the persons who compose the body politic or associate themselves, they take collectively the name of "people", or "nation"." (Bouvier) Body manservant, a valet.
The bodies seven, the metals corresponding to the planets. "Sol gold is, and Luna silver we threpe (=call), Mars yren (=iron), Mercurie quicksilver we clepe, Saturnus lead, and Jupiter is tin, and Venus coper." (Chaucer) Body snatcher, one who secretly removes without right or authority a dead body from a grave, vault, etc.; a resurrectionist. Body snatching, the unauthorised removal of a dead body from the grave; generally for the purpose of dissection.
Source: Websters Vocabulary