Glossary of Medical Terms

Our online medical glossary of medical terms and definitions includes definitions for terms related to treatment, and general medicine

GROUND

1. The surface of the land; the outer crust of the globe, or some vague portion of it. "There was not a man to before the ground." (Gen. Ii. 5) "The fire ran along upon the ground." (Ex. Ix. 23) Hence: A floor or pavement supposed to rest upon the earth. 2. Any definite portion of the earth's surface; region; territory; country. Hence: A territory appropriated to, or resorted to, for a special purpose; the field or seat of action; as, a hunting or fishing ground; a play ground. "From . . . Old Euphrates, to the brook that parts Egypt from Syrian ground." (Milton) 3. Earth; estate; possession; field; especially. (pl), the gardens, lawns, fields, etc, belonging to a homestead; as, the grounds of the estate are well kept. "Thy following design is on thy neighbor's grounds." (Dryden. 4) 4. The basis on which anything rests; foundation. Hence: The foundation of knowledge, belief, or conviction; a premise, cause, or datum; ultimate or first principle; reason of subsistence or occurrence; originating force or agency; as, the ground of my hope. 5. That surface upon which the figures of a composition are set, and which relieves them by its plainness, being either of one tint or of tints but slightly contrasted with one other; as, crimson Bowers on a white ground. See Background, Foreground, and Middle-ground. In sculpture, a flat surface upon which figures are raised in relief. In point lace, the net of little meshes upon which the embroidered pattern is applied; as, Brussels ground. See Brussels lace, under Brussels. 6. A gummy composition spread over the surface of a metal to be etched, to prevent the acid from eating except where an opening is made by the needle. 7. One of the pieces of tree, flush with the plastering, to which moldings, etc, are attached; generally in the plural. Grounds are generally put up first and the plastering floated flush with them. 8. A composition in which the bass, consisting of a little bars of independent notes, is continually repeated to a varying melody. The tune on which descants are raised; the plain song. "On that ground I will build a holy descant." (Shak) 9. A conducting connection with the land, whereby the land is made part of an electrical circuit. 10. Sediment at the bottom of liquors or liquids; dregs; lees; feces; as, coffee grounds. 11. The pit of a theater. Ground angling, angling with a weighted line without a float. Ground annual, a little California bird (Chamaea fasciata) allied to the wrens and titmice. It inhibits the arid plains. Called also gronnd tit, and wren lit. To bite the ground, To interrupt ground. See Bite, Interrupt. To come to the ground, To fall to the ground, to come to nothing; to fail; to miscarry. To gain ground. To advance; to proceed forward in confict; as, an army in battle gains ground. To obtain an winning; to have some success; as, the army gains ground on the enemy. To gain credit; to become more prosperous or influential. To get, or To gather, ground, to gain ground. "Evening mist . . . Gathers ground fast." . "There is no way for duty to prevail, and get ground of them, but by bidding higher." (South) To give ground, to recede; to yield winning. "These nine . . . Began to give me ground." (Shak) To lose ground, to retire; to retreat; to withdraw from the position taken; hence, to lose winning; to lose credit or reputation; to decline. To stand one's ground, to stand company; to resist onslaught or encroachment. To take the ground to touch bottom or become stranded; said of a ship. Origin: OE. Ground, grund, AS. Grund; akin to D. Grond, OS, G, Sw, & Dan. Grund, Icel. Grunnr bottom, Goth. Grundus (in composition); perh. Orig. Importance, dust, gravel, and if so perh. Akin to E. Grind. 1. To lay, set, or run, on the ground. 2. To found; to fix or set, as on a foundation, cause, or principle; to furnish a ground for; to fix firmly. "Being rooted and grounded in love." (Eph. Iii. 17) "So far from warranting any inference to the subsistence of a God, would, on the contrary, ground even an argument to his negation." (Sir W. Hamilton) 3. To instruct in elements or first principles. 4. To connect with the ground so as to create the land a part of an electrical circuit. 5. To cover with a ground, as a copper plate for etching (see Ground, 5); or as paper or another materials with a uniform tint as a preparation for ornament. Origin: Grounded; Grounding. Source: Websters Vocabulary
vernine   vernix   vernix caseosa   vernonin   Verocay bodies   Verocay, Jose   vero cells   Veronal   (2)
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