1. The surface of the land; the outer crust
of the globe, or some vague portion of it. "There was not a man
to before the ground." (Gen. Ii. 5) "The fire
ran along upon
the ground." (Ex. Ix. 23) Hence:
supposed to rest upon
2. Any definite
portion of the earth's surface; region; territory; country. Hence: A territory appropriated to, or resorted to, for a special purpose; the field
of action; as, a hunting
ground; a play
ground. "From . . . Old Euphrates, to the brook that parts Egypt from Syrian ground." (Milton)
3. Earth; estate; possession; field; especially. (pl), the gardens, lawns, fields, etc, belonging to a homestead; as, the grounds of the estate
kept. "Thy following design
is on thy neighbor's grounds." (Dryden. 4)
4. The basis
on which anything rests; foundation. Hence: The foundation
of knowledge, belief, or conviction; a premise, cause, or datum; ultimate
of subsistence or occurrence; originating force
or agency; as, the ground
of my hope.
5. That surface upon
which the figures of a composition
are set, and which relieves them by its plainness, being either
of one tint
or of tints but
slightly contrasted with one other; as, crimson Bowers on a white
ground. See Background, Foreground, and Middle-ground. In sculpture, a flat
which figures are raised in relief.
lace, the net
which the embroidered pattern
is applied; as, Brussels ground. See Brussels lace, under
6. A gummy composition spread
over the surface of a metal
to be etched, to prevent the acid
from eating except
where an opening
is made by the needle.
7. One of the pieces of tree, flush
with the plastering, to which moldings, etc, are attached; generally in the plural.
Grounds are generally put up first
and the plastering floated flush
8. A composition
in which the bass, consisting of a little
bars of independent
notes, is continually repeated to a varying
melody. The tune on which descants are raised; the plain
song. "On that ground
build a holy
9. A conducting connection with the land, whereby the land is made part of an electrical circuit.
10. Sediment at the bottom of liquors or liquids; dregs; lees; feces; as, coffee grounds.
11. The pit of a theater. Ground angling, angling with a weighted line without a float. Ground annual, a little California bird (Chamaea fasciata) allied to the wrens and titmice. It inhibits the arid plains. Called also gronnd tit, and wren lit. To bite the ground, To interrupt ground. See Bite, Interrupt. To come to the ground, To fall to the ground, to come to nothing; to fail; to miscarry. To gain ground. To advance; to proceed forward in confict; as, an army in battle gains ground. To obtain an winning; to have some success; as, the army gains ground on the enemy. To gain credit; to become more prosperous or influential. To get, or To gather, ground, to gain ground. "Evening mist . . . Gathers ground fast." . "There is no way for duty to prevail, and get ground of them, but by bidding higher." (South) To give ground, to recede; to yield winning. "These nine . . . Began to give me ground." (Shak) To lose ground, to retire; to retreat; to withdraw from the position taken; hence, to lose winning; to lose credit or reputation; to decline. To stand one's ground, to stand company; to resist onslaught or encroachment. To take the ground to touch bottom or become stranded; said of a ship.
Origin: OE. Ground, grund, AS. Grund; akin to D. Grond, OS, G, Sw, & Dan. Grund, Icel. Grunnr bottom, Goth. Grundus (in composition); perh. Orig. Importance, dust, gravel, and if so perh. Akin to E. Grind.
1. To lay, set, or run, on the ground.
2. To found; to fix or set, as on a foundation, cause, or principle; to furnish a ground for; to fix firmly. "Being rooted and grounded in love." (Eph. Iii. 17) "So far from warranting any inference to the subsistence of a God, would, on the contrary, ground even an argument to his negation." (Sir W. Hamilton)
3. To instruct in elements or first principles.
4. To connect with the ground so as to create the land a part of an electrical circuit.
5. To cover with a ground, as a copper plate for etching (see Ground, 5); or as paper or another materials with a uniform tint as a preparation for ornament.
Origin: Grounded; Grounding.
Source: Websters Vocabulary