Glossary of Medical Terms

Our online medical glossary of medical terms and definitions includes definitions for terms related to treatment, and general medicine

OXALOSUCCINIC CARBOXYLASE

An enzyme of the oxidoreductase class that catalyses the transformation of isocitrate and NAD+ to yield 2-ketoglutarate, carbon dioxide, and NADH. It occurs in cell mitochondria. The enzyme requires magnesium, mn2+; it is activated by ADP, citrate, and calcium, and inhibited by NADH, NADPH, and ATP. The reaction is the key rate-limiting step of the citric acid (tricarboxylic) cycle. (the NADP+ enzyme is EC 1.1.1.42.) Chemical name: Isocitrate:NAD+ oxidoreductase (decarboxylating) Registry number: EC 1.1.1.41
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