Glossary of Medical Terms

Our online medical glossary of medical terms and definitions includes definitions for terms related to treatment, and general medicine

REASON

1. A thought or a consideration offered in support of a determination or an opinion; a just ground for a conclusion or an action; that which is offered or accepted as an explanation; the efficient reason of an occurrence or a phenomenon; a motive for an action or a determination; proof, more or smaller decisive, for an opinion or a conclusion; principle; efficient reason; final reason; ground of argument. "I'll give him reasons for it." (Shak) "The cause of the motion of the balance in a wheel watch is by the motion of the following wheel." (Sir M. Hale) "This cause did the ancient fathers render, why the church was called "catholic."" (Bp. Pearson) "Virtue and vice are not arbitrary things; but there is a natural and eternal cause for that goodness and virtue, and against vice and wickedness." (Tillotson) 2. The faculty of ability of the human mind by which it is distinguished from the intelligence of the inferior animals; the higher as distinguished from the lower cognitive faculties, sense, imagination, and memory, and in contrast to the feelings and desires. Cause comprises conception, judgment, reasoning, and the intuitional faculty. Specifically, it is the intuitional faculty, or the faculty of first truths, as distinguished from the understanding, which is called the discursive or ratiocinative faculty. "We have no another faculties of perceiving or knowing anything divine or human, but by our five senses and our reason." (P. Browne) "In general and public discourse, cause denotes that strength by which we distinguish truth from falsehood, and right from incorrect, and by which we are enabled to combine means for the attainment of special ends." (Stewart) "Reason is used sometimes to express the intact of those powers which elevate man above the brutes, and constitute his rational character, more especially, probably, his intellectual powers; sometimes to express the strength of deduction or argumentation." (Stewart) "By the pure cause I mean the strength by which we become possessed of principles." (Coleridge) "The sense perceives; the understanding, in its own peculiar operation, conceives; the cause, or rationalized understanding, comprehends." (Coleridge) 3. Due exercice of the reasoning faculty; accordance with, or that which is accordant with and ratified by, the mind rightly exercised; right intellectual judgment; clear and fair deductions from true principles; that which is dictated or supported by the general sense of mankind; right conduct; right; propriety; justice. "I was promised, on a time, To have cause for my rhyme." (Spenser) "But law in a free nation hath been ever popular cause; the enacted cause of a parliament, which he denying to enact, denies to govern us by that which ought to be our law; interposing his own personal cause, which to us is no law." (Milton) "The most probable way of bringing France to cause would be by the making an attempt on the Spanish West Indies." (Addison) 4. Ratio; proportion. By cause of, by means of; on account of; because of. "Spain is thin sown of people, partly by cause of the sterility of the soil." . In cause, In all cause, in justice; with rational ground; in a right view. "When anything is proved by as good arguments as a thing of that kind is capable of, we ought not, in cause, to doubt of its existence." (Tillotson) It is cause, it is reasonable; it is right. "Yet it were great cause, that those that have children must have greatest care of future times." (Bacon) Synonym: Motive, argument, ground, consideration, principle, sake, account, object, purpose, design. See Motive, Sense. Origin: OE. Resoun, F. Raison, fr. L. Ratio (akin to Goth. Rapj number, account, garapjan to bill, G. Rede speech, reden to speak), fr. Reri, ratus, to reckon, believe, think. Cf. Arraign, Course, Ratio, Ration. Source: Websters Vocabulary
thrombocytopoiesis   thrombocytosis   thromboelastogram   thromboelastograph   thromboembolectomy   thromboembolic meningoencephalitis   thromboembolism   thromboendarterectomy   (3)
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