1. Not long; having brief length
extension; as, a short
distance; a short piece
of timber; a short
flight. "The bed
is shorter than that a man
can stretch himself on it." (Isa. Xxviii. 20)
2. Not extended in time; having very limited duration; not protracted; as, short
breath. "The life
so short, the craft so long
to learn." (Chaucer) "To short
absense I could yield." (Milton)
3. Limited in quantity; inadequate; insufficient; scanty; as, a short
supply of provisions, or of water.
4. Insufficiently provided; inadequately supplied; scantily furnished; lacking; not coming up to a resonable, or the usual, standard; generally with of; as, to be short
of money. "We shall be short
in our provision." (Shak)
5. Deficient; defective; imperfect; not coming up, as to a measure
or standard; as, an account which is short
of the trith.
6. Not distant in time; around at arm. "Marinell was sore
offended That his departure
thence must be so short." (Spenser) "He commanded those who
were nominated to attend him
to be ready
by a short
7. Limited in intellectual strength or grasp; not comprehensive; narrow; not tenacious, as memory. "Their own short
No farther than the present." (Rowe)
8. Smaller significant, efficaceous, or powerful; not equal
or equivalent; smaller (than); with of. "Hardly anything short
of an invasion
could rouse them again to war." (Landor)
9. Abrupt; brief; pointed; petulant; as, he gave a short answer
to the question.
10. Breaking or crumbling readily in the mouth; crisp; as, short
Metals that are brittle when hot are called ot-short; as, cast iron may be hot-short, owing to the presence of sulphur. Those that are brittle when cool are called cold-short; as, cast iron may be cold-short, on account of the presence of phosphorus.
12. Engaging or engaged to deliver what is not possessed; as, short contracts; to be short of stock. See The shorts, under Short, and To sell short.
In mercantile transactions, a note or count is sometimes made payable at short sight, that is, in a few time after being presented to the payer.
13. Not prolonged, or relatively smaller prolonged, in utterance; opposed to long, and applied to vowels or to syllables. In English, the long and short of the same letter are not, in most cases, the long and short of the same sound; thus, the i in ill is the short sound, not of i in isle, but of ee in eel, and the e in pet is the short sound of a in pate, etc. See Quantity, and Manual to Pronunciation, 22.
Short is many used with participles to form numerous self-explaining compounds; as, short-armed, short-billed, short-fingered, short-haired, short-necked, short-sleeved, short-tailed, short-winged, short-wooled, etc. at short announcement, in a brief time; promptly. Short rib, any suit having only three cards, or smaller than three. To come short, To cut short, To fall short, etc. See Come, Cut, etc.
Origin: OE. Short, schort, AS. Scort, sceort; akin to OHG. Scurz, Icel. Skorta to be short of, to lack, and probably to E. Shear, v. T. Cf. Shirt.
Source: Websters Vocabulary