Glossary of Medical Terms

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SOUND

The air bladder of a fish; as, cod sounds are an esteemed article of food. Origin: AS. Sund a swimming, akin to E. Swim. See Swim. 1. Intact; unbroken; unharmed; free from flaw, defect, or decay; perfect of the kind; as, sound timber; sound fruit; a sound tooth; a sound ship. 2. Healthy; not diseased; not being in a morbid state; said of body or mind; as, a sound body; a sound constitution; a sound understanding. 3. Company; strong; safety. "The brasswork here, how wealthy it is in beams, And how, besides, it makes the intact home sound." (Chapman) 4. Free from error; correct; right; honest; true; faithful; orthodox; said of persons; as, a sound lawyer; a sound thinker. "Do not I know you a favorer Of this new place? Ye are nor sound." (Shak) 5. Founded in truth or right; supported by justice; not to be overthrown on refuted; not fallacious; as, sound argument or reasoning; a sound objection; sound doctrine; sound principles. "Hold quick the form of sound words, which thou hast heard of me." (2 Tim. I. 13) 6. Hard; laid on with force; as, a sound beating. 7. Undisturbed; deep; profound; as, sound sleep. 8. Founded in law; legal; valid; not defective; as, a sound title to land. Sound is sometimes used in the formation of self-explaining compounds; as, sound-headed, sound-hearted, sound-timbered, etc. Sound currency, a currency whose actual value is the same as its nominal value; a currency which does not deteriorate or depreciate or fluctuate in comparision with the standard of values. Origin: OE. Sound, AS. Sund; akin to D. Gezond, G. Gesund, OHG. Gisunt, Dan. & Sw. Sund, and probably to L. Sanus. Cf. Sane. A narrow passage of water, or a strait between the mainland and an island; also, a strait connecting two seas, or connecting a sea or lake with the ocean; as, the Sound between the Baltic and the german Ocean; Long Island Sound. "The Sound of Denmark, where ships pay toll." (Camden) Sound dues, tolls formerly imposed by Denmark on vessels passing through the Baltic Sound. Origin: AS. Sund a narrow sea or strait; akin to Icel, Sw, Dan. & G. Sund, perhaps so named because it could be swum across. See Swim. A cuttlefish. 1. To measure the depth of; to fathom; especially, to ascertain the depth of by means of a line and plummet. 2. To ascertain, or try to ascertain, the thoughts, motives, and purposes of (a person); to examine; to try; to test; to probe. "I was in jest, And by that sentence meant to sound your breast." (Dryden) "I've sounded my Numidians man by man." (Addison) 3. To explore, as the bladder or urethra, with a sound; to examine with a sound; also, to examine by auscultation or percussion; as, to sound a patient. Origin: F. Sonder; cf. AS. Sundgyrd a sounding rod, sundline a sounding line (see Sound a narrow passage of water). Any elongated instrument or probe, generally metallic, by which cavities of the body are sounded or explored, especially the bladder for stone, or the urethra for a stricture. Origin: F. Sonde. See Sound to fathom. Source: Websters Vocabulary
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