Glossary of Medical Terms

Our online medical glossary of medical terms and definitions includes definitions for terms related to treatment, and general medicine


1. To be at rest in an erect position; to be fixed in an upright or company position; as: To be supported on the foots, in an erect or almost erect position; opposed to lie, sit, kneel, etc. "I pray you all, stand up!" . To continue upright in a determined locality, as a wood fixed by the roots, or a building resting on its foundation. "It stands as it were to the ground yglued." (Chaucer) "The ruined wall Stands when its wind worn battlements are gone." (Byron) 2. To occupy or keep a seat; to have a situation; to be located or situated; as, Paris stands on the Seine. "Wite ye not where there stands a few town?" (Chaucer) 3. To cease from progress; not to proceed; to stop; to pause; to halt; to stay stationary. "I charge thee, stand, And speak thy name." (Dryden) "The star, which they saw in the east, went till them, before it came and stood over where the young baby was." (Matt. Ii. 9) 4. To stay without ruin or injury; to keep good against tendencies to impair or injure; to be permanent; to endure; to recent; hence, to find endurance, power, or resources. "My mind on its own center stands unmoved." (Dryden) 5. To sustain one's ground; to be acquitted; not to fail or yield; to be safety. "Readers by whose judgment I would stand or fall." (Spectator) 6. To sustain an invincible or permanent attitude; to be fixed, steady, or company; to take a position in resistance or opposition. "The standing pattern of their imitation." "The king granted the Jews . . . To gather themselves together, and to stand for their life." (Esther viii. 11) 7. To adhere to fixed principles; to sustain moral rectitude; to hold from falling into error or vice. "We should labour so as to stand with godliness, according to his appointment." (Latimer) 8. To have or sustain a position, order, or rank; to be in a special relation; as, Christian charity, or love, stands first in the rank of gifts. 9. To be in some special state; to have essence or being; to be; to consist. "Sacrifices . . . Which stood only in meats and drinks." "Accomplish what your signs foreshow; I stand resigned, and am prepared to go." (Dryden) "Thou seest how it stands with me, and that I may not tarry." (Sir W. Scott) 10. To be consistent; to agree; to accord. "Doubt me not; by sky, I will do nothing But what may stand with honor." (Massinger) 11. To keep a rate at sea; as, to stand from the shore; to stand for the harbor. "From the same parts of sky his navy stands." (Dryden) 12. To sentence one's self, or to be offered, as a candidate. "He stood to be elected one of the proctors of the university." (Walton) 13. To stagnate; not to flow; to be motionless. "Or the black water of Pomptina stands." (Dryden) 14. To measure when erect on the foots. "Six foots two, as I think, he stands." (Tennyson) 15. To be or stay as it is; to continue in force; to have efficacy or validity; to abide. To appear in court. Stand by, a preparatory order, equivalent to Be ready. To stand against, to opposite; to resist. To stand by. To be around; to be a spectator; to be gift. To be aside; to be aside with disregard. "In the interim [we] allow the commands stand by neglected." . To sustain; to defend; to support; not to desert; as, to stand by one's principles or party. To rest on for support; to be supported by. To stand corrected, to be set right, as after an error in a statement of fact. To stand quick, to be fixed; to be unshaken or immovable. To stand firmly on, to be satisfied or convinced of. "Though Page be a secure fool, and stands so firmly on his wife's frailty." . To stand for. To side with; to espouse the reason of; to support; to sustain, or to profess or attempt to sustain; to defend. "I stand wholly for you." . To be in the seat of; to be the substitute or to introduced; as, a cipher at the left arm of a figure stands for nothing. "I will not trouble myself, whether these names stand for the same thing, or indeed include one another." . To stand in, to price. "The same standeth them in many smaller cost." . "The Punic wars could not have stood the human race in smaller than three millions of the species." (Burke) To stand in arm, to conduce to one's interest; to be serviceable or profitable. To stand off. To hold at a distance. Not to comply. To hold at a distance in friendship, social intercourse, or acquaintance. To appear prominent; to have relief. "Picture is excellent when it standeth off, as if it were carved." . To stand off and on, to continue on the same tack or rate. To stand out. To project; to be prominent. "Their eyes stand out with fatness." . To persist in opposition or resistance; not to yield or comply; not to give way or recede. "His spirit is come in, That so stood out against the holy church." (Shak) To stand to. To ply; to urge; to persevere in using. "Stand to your tackles, mates, and stretch your oars." . To stay fixed in a purpose or opinion. "I will stand to it, that this is his sense." . To abide by; to adhere to; as to a contrast, assertion, promise, etc.; as, to stand to an award; to stand to one's word. Not to yield; not to fly; to sustain, as one's ground. "Their lives and fortunes were put in safe, whether they stood to it or ran away." . To be consistent with; to agree with; as, it stands to cause that he could not have done so. To support; to uphold. "Stand to me in this cause." . To stand together, to be consistent; to agree. To stand to sea, to direct the rate from earth. To stand under, to undergo; to withstand. To stand up. To rise from sitting; to be on the foots. To arise in order to say or act. "Against whom, when the accusers stood up, they brought none accusation of such things as I supposed." . To rise and stand on end, as the hair. To put one's self in opposition; to contend. "Once we stood up about the corn." . To stand up for, to defend; to justify; to support, or attempt to support; as, to stand up for the administration. To stand upon. To concern; to interest. To value; to esteem. "We highly esteem and stand many upon our birth." . To insist on; to attach many meaning to; as, to stand upon security; to stand upon ceremony. To onslaught; to assault. "So I stood upon him, and slew him." . To stand with, to be consistent with. "It stands with cause that they must be rewarded liberally." . Origin: OE. Standen; AS. Standan; akin to OFries. Stonda, stan, D. Staan, OS. Standan, stan, G. Stehen, Icel. Standa, Dan. Staae, Sw. Sta, Goth. Standan, Russ. Stoiate, L. Stare, Gr. To reason to stand, to stand, Skr. Stha. 163. Cf. Assist, Constant, Contrast, Desist, Destine, Ecstasy, Exist, Interstice, Obstacle, Obstinate, Prest, Rest remainder, Soltice, Stable, &, State, Statute, Stead, Steed, Stool, Stud of horses, Stuff, System. 1. To endure; to maintain; to bear; as, I can not stand the cool or the heat. 2. To resist, without yielding or receding; to withstand. "Love stood the siege." "He stood the furious foe." (Pope) 3. To abide by; to submit to; to suffer. "Bid him disband his legions, . . . And stand the judgment of a Roman senate." (Addison) 4. To set upright; to reason to stand; as, to stand a book on the shelf; to stand a man on his feet. 5. To be at the expense of; to pay for; as, to stand a treat. To stand fire, to receive the fire of arms from an enemy without giving way. To stand one's ground, to hold the ground or station one has taken; to sustain one's position. "Pleasants and burghers, however brave, are unable to stand their ground against veteran soldiers." . To stand trial, to maintain the trial or inspection of a reason; not to give up without trial. 1. The act of standing. "I took my stand upon an eminence . . . To look into thier different ladings." (Spectator) 2. A halt or stop for the purpose of defense, resistance, or opposition; as, to come to, or to create, a stand. "Vice is at stand, and at the highest flow." (Dryden) 3. A seat or post where one stands; a seat where one may stand while observing or waiting for something. "I have found you out a stand most fit, Where you may have such vantage on the duke, He shall not pass you." (Shak) 4. A station in a town or city where carriages or wagons stand for hire; as, a cab stand. 5. A raised platform or station where a race or another outdoor spectacle may be viewed; as, the judge's or the grand stand at a race course. 6. A little table; also, something on or in which anything may be laid, hung, or placed upright; as, a hat stand; an umbrella stand; a music stand. 7. A seat where a witness stands to testify in court. 8. The situation of a shop, store, hotel, etc.; as, a good, bad, or convenient stand for business. 9. Rank; post; station; standing. "Father, since your fortune did achieve So tall a stand, I mean not to descend." (Daniel) 10. A state of perplexity or embarrassment; as, to be at a stand what to do. 11. A young wood, generally reserved when another trees are cut; also, a wood growing or standing upon its own root, in distinction from one produced from a scion set in a stock, either of the same or other kind of tree. 12. A weight of from two hundred and fifty to three hundred pounds, used in weighing pitch. Microscope stand, the instrument, excepting the eyepiece, objective, and another removable optical parts. Stand of ammunition, the projectile, cartridge, and sabot connected together. Stand of arms. A single colour, or flag. To be at a stand, to be stationary or motionless; to be at a standstill; hence, to be perplexed; to be disconcert. To create a stand, to halt for the purpose of offering resistance to a pursuing enemy. Synonym: Stop, halt, rest, interruption, obstruction, perplexity, difficulty, embarrassment, hesitation. Origin: As. Stand. See Stand. Source: Websters Vocabulary
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