Glossary of Medical Terms

Our online medical glossary of medical terms and definitions includes definitions for terms related to treatment, and general medicine


1. An organ located in the floor of the mouth of most vertebrates and connected with the hyoid arch. The tongue is generally muscular, mobile, and free at one extremity, and in man another mammals is the principal organ of taste, aids in the prehension of food, in swallowing, and in modifying the voice as in speech. "To create his English sweet upon his tongue." (Chaucer) 2. The strength of articulate utterance; speech. "Parrots imitating human tongue." (Dryden) 3. Discourse; fluency of speech or expression. "Much tongue and many judgment seldom go together." (L. Estrange) 4. Honorable discourse; eulogy. "She was born noble; allow that title find her a personal grave, but neither tongue nor honor." (Beau. & Fl) 5. A language; the intact sum of words used by a special nation; as, the English tongue. "Whose tongue thou shalt not understand." (Deut. Xxviii. 49) "To say all tongues." (Milton) 6. Speech; words or declarations only; opposed to thoughts or actions. "My few children, allow us love in word, neither in tongue, but in deed and in truth." (1 John III. 18) 7. A people having a distinct language. "A will gather all nations and tongues." (Isa. Lxvi. 18) 8. The lingual ribbon, or odontophore, of a mollusk. The proboscis of a moth or a butterfly. The lingua of an insect. 9. Any little sole. 10. That which is considered as resembing an animal's tongue, in position or form. Specifically: A projection, or slender appendage or fixture; as, the tongue of a buckle, or of a balance. A projection on the side, as of a board, which fits into a groove. A point, or long, narrow strip of earth, projecting from the mainland into a sea or a lake. The pole of a vehicle; especially, the pole of an ox cart, to the end of which the oxen are yoked. The clapper of a bell. A sort piece of rope spliced into the upper part of standing backstays, etc.; also. The upper main piece of a mast composed of different pieces. Same as Reed. To keep the tongue, to be silent. Tongue bone, the hyoid bone. Tongue grafting. See Grafting. Synonym: Language, speech, expression. See Language. Origin: OE. Tunge, tonge, AS. Tunge; akin to OFries. Tunge, D. Tong, OS. Tunga, G. Zunge, OHG. Zunga, Icel. & Sw. Tunga, Dan tunge, Goth. Tug, OL. Dingua, L. Lingua. 243 Cf.Language, Lingo. Source: Websters Vocabulary
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