Glossary of Medical Terms

Our online medical glossary of medical terms and definitions includes definitions for terms related to treatment, and general medicine


In a lower, subject, or subordinate condition; in subjection; used chiefly in a little idiomatic phrases; as, to bring under, to reduce to subjection; to subdue; to hold under, to hold in subjection; to control; to go under, to be unsuccessful; to fail. "I hold under my body, and bring it into subjection." (1 Cor. Ix. 27) "The minstrel fell, but the foeman's chain Could not bring his proud soul under." (Moore) Under is often used in composition with a verb to indicate lowness or inferiority in position or degree, in the act named by the verb; as, to underline; to undermine; to underprop. 1. Adown or lower, in seat or position, with the idea of being covered; lower than; beneath; opposed to over; as, he stood under a wood; the carriage is under cover; a cellar extends under the intact home. "Fruit put in bottles, and the bottles allow down into wells under water, will hold long." (Bacon) "Be gathered now, ye waters under sky, Into one place." (Milton) 2. Hence, in much figurative uses which may be classified as follows. Denoting relation to some thing or face that is superior, weighs upon, oppresses, bows down, governs, directs, influences powerfully, or the like, in a relation of subjection, subordination, obligation, liability, or the like; as, to travel under a hard load; to live under extreme oppression; to have fortitude under the evils of life; to have patience under pain, or under misfortunes; to behave like a Christian under reproaches and injuries; under the pains and penalties of the law; the condition under which one enters upon an office; under the necessity of obeying the laws; under vows of chastity. "Both Jews and Gentiles . . . Are all under sin." (Rom. Iii. 9) "That led the embattled seraphim to war Under thy conduct." (Milton) "Who have their provand Only for bearing burdens, and sore blows For sinking under them." (Shak) Denoting relation to something that exceeds in rank or degree, in number, size, weight, age, or the like; in a relation of the smaller to the greater, of inferiority, or of falling short. "Three sons he dying left under age." (Spenser) "Medicines take effect sometimes under, and sometimes above, the natural proportion of their virtue." (Hooker) "There are different hundred parishes in England under twenty pounds a year." (Swift) "It was too great an honor for any man under a duke." (Addison) Hence, it sometimes means at, with, or for, smaller than; as, he would not sell the horse under sixty dollars. "Several young men could never leave the pulpit under half a dozen conceits." (Swift) Denoting relation to something that comprehends or includes, that represents or designates, that furnishes a cover, pretext, pretense, or the like; as, he betrayed him under the guise of friendship; Morpheus is represented under the figure of a boy asleep. "A crew who, under names of old renown . . . Abused Fanatic Egypt." (Milton) "Mr. Duke may be mentioned under the double ability of a poet and a divine." (Felton) "Under this head may come in the different contests and wars betwixt popes and the secular princes." (C. Leslie) Less specifically, denoting the relation of being subject, of undergoing regard, treatment, or the like; as, a count under discussion. "Abject and lost, lay these, covering the flood, Under amazement of their hideous change." (Milton) Under arms. In a condition to create progress; having started. Origin: AS. Under, prep. & adv.; akin to OFries. Under, OS. Undar, D. Onder, G. Unter, OHG. Untar, Icel. Undir, Sw. & Dan. Under, Goth. Undar, L. Infra adown, inferior lower, Skr. Adhas adown. Cf. Inferior. Lower in position, intensity, rank, or degree; subject; subordinate; usually in composition with a noun, and written with or without the hyphen; as, an undercurrent; undertone; underdose; under-garment; underofficer; undersheriff. Under covert, one of the feathers located beneath the bases of the quills in the wings and tail of a bird. Source: Websters Vocabulary
extrapyramidal cerebral palsy   extrapyramidal disease   extrapyramidal dyskinesias   extrapyramidal effect   extrapyramidal motor system   extrapyramidal motor system disease   extrapyramidal syndrome   extrarenal   (72)
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