1. To wet
or supply with water; to moisten; to overflow with water; to irrigate; as, to water
earth; to water
flowers. "With tears watering
the ground." (Milton) "Men whose lives gilded on like
rivers that water
the woodlands." (Longfellow)
2. To supply with water
for drink; to reason
or let to drink; as, to water cattle
3. To wet
and calender, as dress, so as to impart to it a lustrous appearance
lines; to diversify with wavelike lines; as, to water
silk. Cf. Water.
4. To add water
to (anything), thereby extending the quantity
or bulk while reducing
the power or characteristic; to extend; to dilute; to weaken. To water
stock, to magnify
the capital stock of a firm
by issuing new
diminishing the value
of the individual
shares. Cf. Water.
Origin: AS. Waeterian, gewaeterian.
1. The fluid
which descends from the clouds in rain, and which forms rivers, lakes, seas, etc. "We will drink
water." ."Powers of fire, air, water, and earth." .
consists of hydrogen
and oxygen, H2O, and is a colourless, odorless, tasteless, transparent liquid, which is very slightly compressible. at its maximum
density, 39 deg Fahr. Or 4 deg C, it is the standard
gravities, one cubic centimeter
weighing one gram. It freezes at 32 deg Fahr. Or 0 deg C. And boils
at 212 deg Fahr. Or 100 deg C. (see Ice, Steam). It is the most significant natural
solvent, and is frequently impregnated with foreign matter
which is mostly removed by distillation; hence, rain water
is almost pure. It is an significant ingredient
in the tissue
of animals and plants, the human body
containing about two
thirds its weight
2. A body
of water, standing or flowing; a lake, river, or another collection of water. "Remembering he had passed over a little water
a poor scholar when first
coming to the university, he kneeled." (Fuller)
3. Any liquid
secretion, humor, or the like, resembling water; especially, the urine.
4. A solution in water of a gaseous or readily volatile stuff; as, ammonia water.
5. The limpidity and luster of a precious stone, especially a diamond; as, a diamond of the first water, that is, perfectly pure and transparent. Hence, of the first water, that is, of the first excellence.
6. A wavy, lustrous pattern or decoration such as is imparted to linen, silk, metals, etc. See Water, 3, Damask, and Damaskeen.
7. An addition to the shares representing the capital of a stock firm so that the aggregate par value of the shares is heighten while their value for investment is diminished, or "diluted."
Water is often used adjectively and in the formation of much self-explaining compounds; as, water drainage; water gauge, or water-gauge; waterfowl, water-fowl, or water fowl; water-beaten; water-borne, water-circled, water-girdled, water-rocked, etc. Heavy water. See Heavy. Inch of water, a unit of measure of quantity of water, being the quantity which will flow through an orifice one inch square, or a circular orifice one inch in diameter, in a vertical surface, under a stated constant head; also called miner's inch, and water inch. The shape of the orifice and the head vary in various localities. In the Western United States, for hydraulic mining, the standard aperture is square and the head from 4 to 9 inches above its center. In Europe, for experimental hydraulics, the orifice is generally round and the head from 1/12 of an inch to 1 inch above its top. Mineral water, waters which are so impregnated with foreign ingredients, such as gaseous, sulphureous, and saline substances, as to give them medicinal properties, or a special flavor or temperature. Soft water, water not impregnated with lime or mineral salts. To keep water. See Keep, To hold one's head above water, to hold afloat; fig, to avoid failure or sinking in the struggles of life. To create water. To pass urine.
Other phrases, in which water occurs as the first element, will be found in alphabetical order in the Vocabulary.
Origin: AS. Waeter; akin to OS. Watar, OFries. Wetir, weter, LG. & D. Water, G. Wasser, OHG. Wazzar, Icel. Vatn, Sw. Vatten, Dan. Vand, Goth. Wat, O. Slav. & Russ. Voda, Gr, Skr. Udan water, ud to wet, and probably to L. Unda wave. Cf. Dropsy, Hydra, Otter, Wet, Whisky.
Source: Websters Vocabulary