Glossary of Medical Terms

Our online medical glossary of medical terms and definitions includes definitions for terms related to treatment, and general medicine

WHEEL

1. To convey on wheels, or in a wheeled vehicle; as, to wheel a load of hay or wood. 2. To put into a rotatory motion; to reason to turn or revolve; to reason to gyrate; to create or perform in a circle. "The beetle wheels her droning flight." "Now sky, in all her glory, shone, and rolled Her motions, as the great first mover's arm First wheeled their course." (Milton) Origin: Wheeled; Wheeling. 1. A circular frame turning about an axis; a rotating disk, whether solid, or a frame composed of an outer rim, spokes or radii, and a central hub or ship, in which is inserted the axle, used for supporting and conveying vehicles, in machinery, and for different purposes; as, the wheel of a wagon, of a locomotive, of a mill, of a watch, etc. "The gasping charioteer beneath the wheel Of his own car." (Dryden) 2. Any instrument having the form of, or chiefly consisting of, a wheel. Specifically: A spinning wheel. See Spinning. An instrument of torture formerly used. "His inspection is like that which is made by the rack and wheel." (Addison) This mode of torture is said to have been first employed in Germany, in the fourteenth century. The criminal was laid on a cart wheel with his legs and arms extended, and his limbs in that posture were fractured with an iron bar. In France, where its use was restricted to the most atrocious crimes, the criminal was first laid on a frame of tree in the form of a St. Andrew's cross, with grooves cut transversely in it above and adown the knees and elbows, and the executioner struck eight blows with an iron bar, so as to interrupt the limbs in those places, sometimes finishing by two or three blows on the chest or stomach, which generally put an end to the life of the criminal, and were hence called coups-de-grace blows of mercy. The criminal was then unbound, and laid on a little wheel, with his person upward, and his arms and legs doubled under him, there to expire, if he had survived the previous treatment. A circular frame having handles on the periphery, and an axle which is so connected with the tiller as to form a means of controlling the rudder for the purpose of steering. A potter's wheel. See Potter. "Then I went down to the potter's home, and, behold, he wrought a work on the wheels." (Jer. Xviii. 3) "Turn, turn, my wheel! This earthen jar A touch can create, a touch can mar. " (Longfellow) A firework which, while burning, is caused to revolve on an axis by the reaction of the escaping gases. The burden or refrain of a song. "This importance has a low degree of authority, but is supposed from the context in the little cases where the word is found." "You should sing a-down a-down, An you call him a-down-a. O, how the wheel becomes it!" (Shak) 3. A bicycle or a tricycle; a velocipede. 4. A rolling or revolving body; anything of a circular form; a disk; an orb. 5. A turn revolution; rotation; compass. "According to the general vicissitude and wheel of things, the proud and the insolent, after long trampling upon others, come at length to be trampled upon themselves." (South) "[He] throws his steep flight in much an aery wheel." (Milton) A wheel within a wheel, or Wheels within wheels, a complication of circumstances, motives, etc. Balance wheel. Bevel wheel, Brake wheel, Cam wheel, Fifth wheel, Overshot wheel, Spinning wheel, etc. See Bevel, Brake, etc. Core wheel. Any one of numerous species of rotifers having a ciliated disk at the anterior end. Wheel barometer. A stitch resembling a spider's web, worked into the material, and not over an open space. Wheel wood, a circular window having radiating mullions arranged like the spokes of a wheel. Cf. Rose window, under Rose. Origin: OE. Wheel, hweol, AS. Hweol, hweogul, hweowol; akin to D. Wiel, Icel. Hvel, Gr, Skr. Cakra; cf. Icel. Hjol, Dan. Hiul, Sw. Hjul. 218 Cf. Cycle, Cyclopedia. Source: Websters Vocabulary
Kursteiner's canals   kurtosis   Kuru   Kurunegala ulcers   Kurzrok-Ratner test   kusimanse   Kuskokwim syndrome   kuskus   (3)
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